Indigenous Peoples in Canada are continuing to assert their right to self-determination in this era of reconciliation. While dozens of Indigenous communities have signed varying forms of self-government agreements with the federal government, Indigenous Nations still face many obstacles along the path to true self-determination.
As a former Chief of Siksika Nation in southern Alberta, Leroy Wolf Collar dealt with many of the same problems other Indigenous Nations face across the country. From serious housing shortages to the lack of opportunities for youth, Chief Wolf Collar experienced the challenges and frustrations that come from operating in a colonial system still constrained by the Indian Act.
How do Indigenous Peoples move on from this defective system? Chief Wolf Collar identifies 17 issues that currently hinder Indigenous Nations—including broken treaty promises, problems with common forms of band administration, and the intrusion of provincial governments—along with potential solutions to overcome them.
This guide is for current and aspiring Indigenous leaders who want to increase their understanding of good governance, management, and leadership, as well as those who want to explore issues around Indigenous self-determination in Canada.
About Leroy Wolf Collar
Table of Contents
|First Nations Self-Government||1|
|Roadblock 1 First Nations Governing Institutions||15|
|Roadblock 2 The Crown Ignores Treaty Promises||28|
|Roadblock 3 Control over First Nations Citizenship||37|
|Roadblock 4 Provincial Government Involvement||52|
|Roadblock 5 First Nations Portfolio System||58|
|Roadblock 6 Lawless First Nations Communities||69|
|Roadblock 7 Leadership Competencies||76|
|Roadblock 8 The Functions of the Band Administration||82|
|Roadblock 9 Dependency on the Canadian Government||88|
|Roadblock 10 Per Capita Distributions||97|
|Roadblock 11 High Unemployment||101|
|Roadblock 12 A Lack of Strategic Planning||108|
|Roadblock 13 No Plan for Youth||113|
|Roadblock 14 On Reserve Housing||117|
|Roadblock 15 Intergenerational Impacts of Indian Residential Schools||131|
|Roadblock 16 Constitutionally Limited Calls to Action||138|
|Roadblock 17 Diverse Political Needs Overlapping Political Organizations||146|
|About the Author||161|